History of the
Galloway Breed

The Galloway is one of the world's oldest beef breeds, the descendant of two distinct aboriginal breeds of Scotland. The word "Galloway" is derived from Gallovid, which in old Scot signifies "a Gaul." Noted frequently by historians for their thick, wooly hides and their hornless condition, Galloway emerged as the beef breed of choice in the 15th and 16th Centuries and continued to dominate England's and Scotland's beef trade for hundreds of years.

The merits of the breed did not go unnoticed by early cattle breeders, leading to the use of the Galloway breed in the creation of the Red Poll and Shorthorn breeds, with the Shorthorn subsequently used in the development of Angus. Of the many British breeds of cattle, only two remain free of outside blood: The Galloway and the Scotch Highland. At five centuries, the Galloway is the oldest and purest British cattle breed in existence today.